Speech and Language Disorders

Language Disorders are defined as either receptive or expressive. Receptive is the process of receiving the language, but not understanding what is supposed to be received. Expressive is the difficulty of expressing one’s wants and needs.  Both are two key factors in communication. Without the proper care to better develop through these impairments, it will stand in the way of daily tasks and enjoyments. It is normal for children to have bumps along the way with expressing themselves and understanding what people say sometimes. Many kids will learn and catch up, while some will need more assistance in developing those skills.

There are so many elements that allow one to speak and communicate freely. Therefore, you can break down speech disorders in more than one way. Articulation of the physical act of say a word with all the necessary sounds for one to receive a message as clearly as possible. A child who exhibits a speech sound disorder may often leave out some sounds of a word or replacing the right sound with the wrong sound. This all seems quite vague and relatively normal, but if the behavior progress to a certain age, one should start growing concern for their child.

Reasons for Concern    

  • If the child doesn’t babble using consonant sounds (particularly b, d, m, and n) by age 8 or 9 months
  • If the child does not produce one word other than mama or dada by 12 months
  • If the child uses mostly vowel sounds and gestures for communication after 18 months
  • If the child’s speech cannot be understood by strangers at the age of 3
  • If the child often leaves out consonant sounds from words at the age of 3
  • If the child’s speech is still difficult to understand at the age of 4
  • If  the child is still not able to produce most speech sounds by the age of 6
  • If the child is distorting sounds such as /s/ and /r/ after the age of 6 or 7
  • If the child is embarrassed or worried about his speech at any age

Stuttering is another form of the disorder. This falls under an expressive speech disorder, due to the fact that the child cannot express themselves clearly due to them repeating words unusual amount of times and skipping over other while communicating. The child may be tense while speaking or avoid speaking altogether.  Speech has a flow to it, which makes it easy to understand when delivered by someone. This disorder is also referred to as the fluency disorder since a child such as this is unable to carry a fluent phrase through speech.

The Learning Therapy Tree treats and supports families with children that exhibit such impairments. a licensed and certified speech-language pathologist provides assessment for children who experience speech, language, literacy, fluency, and/or social language delays. To learn more about our services, click here.

Source: cincinnatichildrens.org



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